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Case formulation in persistent pain in children and adolescents: The application of the nonlinear dynamic systems perspective
Statement of context: Recent empirical evidence demonstrates both insecure attachment and atypical sensory modulation patterns are associated with impaired function for children/adolescents with persistent pain. An integrating framework is required to translate this knowledge into clinical practice. Critical reflection on practice: Case studies demonstrate how the nonlinear dynamic systems perspective can assist occupational therapists to (1) understand how sensory modulation and attachment systems contribute to pain, distress, and functioning for children/adolescents with persistent pain, and (2) identify processes supporting adaptive occupational patterns. Implications for practice: Application of nonlinear dynamic systems theory can inform clinical formulation for children/adolescents with persistent pain. © The Author(s) 2018.