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Beyond nominal tense: Temporality, aspect, and relevance in Tariana noun phrases

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Version 2 2023-02-07, 22:51
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journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-07, 22:51 authored by Alexandra AikhenvaldAlexandra Aikhenvald
Tariana, an Arawak language from Brazil, has nominal markers which convey temporal and aspectual information about the noun phrase. Besides nominal future, there is a distinction between completed and non-completed nominal pasts. The completed nominal past has three meanings – decessive (‘late, gone’), temporal (‘former’), and commiserative or deprecatory (‘poor thing’). The latter is only applicable to humans and higher animates. The non-completed nominal past has a further semantic component of relevance of the state or property for the present time. The usage of the markers is governed by the principle of communicative necessity – in contrast to clausal, or propositional, tense-cum-evidentiality markers which are always obligatory. Having special means for expressing tense, aspect and relevance within a noun phrase – distinct from tense and aspect categories with clausal scope – constitutes a typologically rare feature of the language. - distinct from tense and aspect categories with clausal scope - constitutes a ypologically rare feature of the language.tempo.

History

Volume

46

Issue

1

Start Page

40

End Page

75

Number of Pages

36

eISSN

1569-9978

ISSN

0378-4177

Publisher

John Benjamins Publishing

Language

en

Peer Reviewed

  • Yes

Open Access

  • No

Acceptance Date

2020-11-24

Era Eligible

  • Yes

Journal

Studies in Language

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