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Athletes’ and coaches’ perceptions of deterrents to performance-enhancing drug use

journal contribution
posted on 18.07.2018, 00:00 authored by Stephen MostonStephen Moston, T Engelberg, J Skinner
Policies to prevent performance-enhancing drug use in sport are implicitly based on a form of deterrence theory, whereby the threat of sanctions deters prohibited behaviour. While deterrents generally fail to deter serious criminal actions, criminological research suggests that deterrents can be effective with certain types of offences or offenders. This study explored the perceptions of elite athletes (n = 488) and coaches (n = 92) of two forms of deterrents to performance-enhancing drug use (legal and material loss sanctions) and a range of other anti-doping policy issues. There were marked differences in the perceived deterrent effect for athletes and coaches, with coaches consistently seeing deterrents as less credible than athletes. Both groups endorsed sanctions for the coaches and clubs of doping athletes and expressed support for the withdrawal of commercial and government sponsorship for such athletes. Findings are discussed in relation to the increasing focus of anti-doping campaigns towards elite coaches rather than athletes.

Funding

Category 2 - Other Public Sector Grants Category

History

Volume

7

Issue

4

Start Page

623

End Page

636

Number of Pages

14

eISSN

1940-6959

ISSN

1940-6940

Publisher

Routledge, UK

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

University of Canberra; Griffith University

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics