File(s) not publicly available

Associations of health-behavior patterns, mental health and self-rated health

journal contribution
posted on 13.03.2019, 00:00 by S Oftedal, GS Kolt, EG Holliday, E Stamatakis, Corneel VandelanotteCorneel Vandelanotte, WJ Brown, MJ Duncan
Diet quality, physical activity, alcohol use, smoking, sleep and sitting-time are behaviors known to influence health. The aims of this study were to identify how these behaviors co-occur to form distinct health-behavior patterns, and to investigate the relationship between these patterns, and mental and self-rated health. Members of the Australian 10,000 Steps project were invited to participate in an online survey in November–December 2011. The participants self-reported demographic and behavioral characteristics (fruit and vegetable intake, fast food, soft drink and alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity, sitting-time and sleep), frequency of mental distress and self-rated health. Latent Class Analysis was used to identify health-behavior patterns. Latent class regression was used to examine relationships between behavior patterns, mental and self-rated health, and socio-demographic and economic factors. Data were analyzed in October 2017. Complete datasets were obtained from 10,638 participants. Four latent classes were identified, characterized by ‘Low-Risk Behavior’, ‘Poor Sleep, Low-Risk Daytime Behavior’, 'sound Sleep, High-Risk Daytime Behavior’ and ‘High-Risk Behavior’. The latter two classes, both characterized by high-risk daytime behaviors, were associated with poor self-rated health. Participants in classes with high-risk daytime behaviors were more likely to be younger, non-partnered, non-university educated, from lower income households and work longer hours. Classes characterized by poor sleep quality were associated with higher frequency of mental distress. Findings suggest that experiencing poor sleep is partly independent of daytime behaviors, demographic and socioeconomic factors, but has a strong association with mental health. © 2018

History

Volume

118

Start Page

295

End Page

303

Number of Pages

9

eISSN

1096-0260

ISSN

0091-7435

Publisher

Elsevier, Netherlands

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

Yes

Acceptance Date

22/11/2018

External Author Affiliations

The University of Queensland; The University of Newcastle; Western Sydney University; University of Sydney

Author Research Institute

Appleton Institute

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Preventive Medicine

Usage metrics

Exports