Are elite track and field athletes on track_The impact of COVID-19 outbreak on sleep behavior and training characteristics.pdf (1.33 MB)
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Are elite track and field athletes on track? The impact of COVID-19 outbreak on sleep behavior and training characteristics

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journal contribution
posted on 07.06.2022, 23:31 authored by Jacopo A Vitale, Stefano Borghi, Roberto Codella, Antonio LastellaAntonio Lastella, Mathieu Nedelec, Giuseppe Banfi, Antonio la Torre
The Covid-19 outbreak forced many governments to enter a nationwide lockdown. The aim of this study was to evaluate, by means of a survey, changes in sleep parameters and physical activity characteristics of elite track and field athletes in three periods: before the lockdown (T0), during the lockdown (09th March - 03rd May 2020, T1) and the first month after the lockdown (T2). This study was conducted from May 2020 to June 2020 and data were collected using an offline survey with 89 elite track and field athletes (mean age: 24.7 ± 5.4; n = 43 males; n = 46 females). The survey consisted of demographic data and questions on physical activity and sleep behavior at T0, T1 and T2. Athletes reported lower sleep quality scores at T1 compared to T0 and T2 (p < 0.0001) and registered delayed bedtime, wake-up time and longer sleep latency during the lockdown compared to pre-lockdown and post-lockdown whereas no changes in total sleep time were reported. No inter-group differences were detected in sleep characteristics between short- and long-term disciplines and between genders. The weekly training volume decreased from 16.1 ± 5.7 hours at T0 to 10.7 ± 5.7 hours at T1 (p < 0.0001) whereas no significant differences were detected in training volume during the lockdown in relation to the square footage of the house (p = 0.309). Alcohol (p = 0.136) and caffeine intake (p = 0.990) and use of electronic devices (p = 0.317) were similar pre-, during, and post-lockdown. The unprecedented circumstances of the Covid-19 pandemic had negative impacts on the Italian track and field athletes' sleep and training volumes.

History

Volume

38

Issue

4

Start Page

741

End Page

751

Number of Pages

11

eISSN

2083-1862

ISSN

0860-021X

Publisher

Termedia Publishing

Publisher License

CC BY-NC-ND

Additional Rights

CC BY-SA 4.0

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

Yes

Acceptance Date

26/09/2021

External Author Affiliations

French National Institute of Sport (INSEP), France; Università degli Studi di Milano, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Italy

Author Research Institute

Appleton Institute

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Biology of Sport