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Are dual-system offenders different? An examination of prevalence and specialization in criminal offending and child maltreatment perpetration
journal contributionposted on 2021-06-22, 23:54 authored by Jessica M Craig, Anna Stewart, Emily Hurren Paterson
Though most theoretical and policy approaches treat criminal behavior and child maltreatment as different issues, we examine the prevalence of those involved in both the criminal justice system and child protective services as perpetrators, assessing how several criminal career characteristics differ between dual-system and single-system offenders. Using longitudinal cohort data from the Queensland Cross-Sector Research Collaboration (QCRC), we found that while dual-system involved offenders made up only four percent of the population, their proportion was much higher among those with a delinquent history, especially among females (Males=21%, Females=38%). Those involved with both systems were more serious offenders and child maltreatment perpetrators with respect to the number and versatility of system contacts. These findings suggest involvement in both the criminal justice and child welfare systems are part of an underlying vulnerability or predisposition towards antisocial behavior and represent an important overlap of service delivery that must be managed effectively.
Number of Pages28
External Author AffiliationsUniversity of North Texas, USA; Griffith University
Author Research Institute
- Queensland Centre for Domestic and Family Violence