File(s) not publicly available

Are callous-unemotional traits associated with conflict adaptation in childhood?

journal contribution
posted on 27.04.2018, 00:00 by NS Gluckman, DJ Hawes, Alexander RussellAlexander Russell
This study examined associations between childhood callous-unemotional (CU) traits and cognitive control using a conflict adaptation paradigm. Participants were (N = 158) children aged 9 to 12 years (M = 10.42, SD = 1.05; 57 % boys), who completed a modified color-word Stroop task. CU traits and conduct problems were indexed via self-reports on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. CU traits were found to be uniquely associated with reduced conflict adaptation, however, this significant association was specific to boys. Conversely, conduct problems were associated with increased conflict adaptation, but among girls only. These findings contribute to evidence of atypical goal directed behavior in boys with CU traits by providing preliminary evidence that the specific impairments in cognitive control that characterize these boys include those concerning dynamic adjustments in cognitive control. Findings are discussed in relation to accounts of childhood CU traits based on the Response Modulation hypothesis. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

History

Volume

47

Issue

4

Start Page

583

End Page

592

Number of Pages

10

eISSN

1573-3327

ISSN

0009-398X

Publisher

Springer New York LLC

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

University of Sydney,

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Child Psychiatry and Human Development