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An overview of electrokinetic consolidation of soils
journal contributionposted on 15.03.2018, 00:00 by Mona MalekzadehMona Malekzadeh, J Lovisa, N Sivakugan
Electrokinetic stabilization is one of the techniques that improve the geotechnical properties of the soils. It was pioneered by Casagrande in late 1940s and has not seen much development since then, especially in large-scale field applications. Some bench scale studies have been carried out during the past two decades and there have been some small scale field studies and limited field applications, mostly on soft soils. Due to lack of understanding of the physiochemical and electrochemical changes in the soil during electrokinetic stabilization, uncertain energy costs, loss of efficiency with time and the corrosion of electrodes, this method is usually considered as a last resort for large-scale practical applications. The objective of this paper is to highlight the critical parameters affecting electrokinetic consolidation, and to discuss their effects on the efficiency of the process. A better understanding of these critical parameters and their effects will enable geotechnical engineers to design the electrokinetic consolidation operation more effectively and make it an economically viable process for many situations.