CQUniversity
Browse

File(s) not publicly available

A scoping review of autism and the way it changes the presentation of suicidal thoughts and behavior compared to the general population

journal contribution
posted on 2023-01-04, 03:10 authored by Michelle ClearyMichelle Cleary, Sancia WestSancia West, Loyola McLean, Glenn E Hunt, Catherine HungerfordCatherine Hungerford, Rachel Kornhaber
Autism spectrum conditions are a group of neurodevelopmental conditions that carries an array of co-occurring diagnoses, including a heightened risk of suicide attempts and suicide. This scoping review examined primary research focusing on autism and suicidality, to understand what is currently known on the topic, including how autism changes the presentation of suicidal thoughts and behavior; and to assess the suicide awareness and prevention education programs currently available for autistic people, their families, and health professionals and support workers. A comprehensive search (November 2021) across Scopus, PubMed and CINAHL identified 39 articles from 38 studies. Three themes emerged, with five subthemes. 1. The prevalence of suicidality in autistic people; 2. The presentation of suicidality in autistic people, including (a) risk of suicidality; (b) gender, age, employment and education; (c) co-occurring psychiatric conditions; (d) autism traits and social communication; (e) intellectual disability; and 3. Autism-specific approaches to suicidal thoughts, behavior and prevention. Findings were mixed, including conflicting evidence on the risk of autism and suicidality, and limited evidence of resources related to autism-specific suicide awareness or information, and education or prevention programs.

Funding

Category 2 - Other Public Sector Grants Category

History

Start Page

1

End Page

20

Number of Pages

21

eISSN

1096-4673

ISSN

0161-2840

Publisher

Informa UK Limited

Language

en

Peer Reviewed

  • Yes

Open Access

  • No

Era Eligible

  • Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Issues in Mental Health Nursing

Usage metrics

    CQUniversity

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC