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A review on liquefied natural gas as fuels for dual fuel engines: Opportunities, challenges and responses

journal contribution
posted on 11.05.2021, 02:17 by Md Arman Arefin, Md Nurun Nabi, Md Washim Akram, Mohammad T Islam, Md Wahid Chowdhury
Climate change and severe emission regulations in many countries demand fuel and engine researchers to explore sustainable fuels for internal combustion engines. Natural gas could be a source of sustainable fuels, which can be produced from renewable sources. This article presents a complete overview of the liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a potential fuel for diesel engines. An interesting finding from this review is that engine modification and proper utilization of LNG significantly improve system efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which is extremely helpful to sustainable development. Moreover, some major recent researches are also analyzed to find out drawbacks, advancement and future research potential of the technology. One of the major challenges of LNG is its higher flammability that causes different fatal hazards and when using in dual-fuel engine causes knock. Though researchers have been successful to find out some ways to overcome some challenges, further research is necessary to reduce the hazards and make the fuel more effective and environment-friendly when using as a fuel for a diesel engine.

History

Volume

13

Issue

22

Start Page

1

End Page

19

Number of Pages

19

eISSN

1996-1073

Publisher

MDPI AG

Additional Rights

CC BY 4.0

Language

en

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

Yes

Acceptance Date

20/11/2020

External Author Affiliations

Bangladesh Army University of Science and Technology, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Bangladesh

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Energies

Article Number

6127