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A review of international, regional and national biosecurity risk assessment frameworks

journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 authored by A Dahlstrom, Chad HewittChad Hewitt, Marnie CampbellMarnie Campbell
Aquatic nonindigenous species (ANS) have dramatic impact on environmental, economic, social, cultural, and human health values in a variety of coastal, estuarine, and inland ecosystem. Despite efforts to develop biosecurity risk assessment frameworks for the improvement of ANS management, responsible agencies lack a standardized framework to identify and mitigate risk from ANS. This paper reviews the biosecurity risk assessment frameworks of seven international bodies, four regional bodies, and three countries and highlights the similarities, differences and deficiencies in their respective frameworks. Specific deficiencies found by the review include: (i) a lack of national implementation of the international and regional frameworks; (ii) gaps in ANS knowledge; (iii) insufficient guidance for various components of the risk assessment; (iv) limited number and scope of standards and measures related to ANS; and (v) inconsistent terminology between frameworks. To reduce the risk of ANS introductions, this paper concludes with a set of six recommendations to develop aquatic biosecurity risk frameworks that are both comprehensive and precautionary while also in accord with mandates established by other international bodies such as the World Trade Organization.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

35

Issue

2

Start Page

208

End Page

217

Number of Pages

10

ISSN

0308-597X

Location

UK

Publisher

Elsevier

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

University of Tasmania;

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Marine policy.