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A review of applications and communication technologies for Internet of Things (IoT) and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) based sustainable smart farming

journal contribution
posted on 25.05.2021, 23:18 by Nahina IslamNahina Islam, MD Mamunur RashidMD Mamunur Rashid, Faezeh Pasandideh, Biplob RayBiplob Ray, Steven MooreSteven Moore, Rajan Kadel
To reach the goal of sustainable agriculture, smart farming is taking advantage of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm. These smart farms are designed to be run by interconnected devices and vehicles. Some enormous potentials can be achieved by the integration of different IoT technologies to achieve automated operations with minimum supervision. This paper outlines some major applications of IoT and UAV in smart farming, explores the communication technologies, network functionalities and connectivity requirements for Smart farming. The connectivity limitations of smart agriculture and it’s solutions are analysed with two case studies. In case study-1, we propose and evaluate meshed Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) gateways to address connectivity limitations of Smart Farming. While in case study-2, we explore satellite communication systems to provide connectivity to smart farms in remote areas of Australia. Finally, we conclude the paper by identifying future research challenges on this topic and outlining directions to address those challenges.

History

Volume

13

Issue

4

Start Page

1

End Page

20

Number of Pages

20

eISSN

2071-1050

Publisher

MDPI AG

Additional Rights

CC BY 4.0

Language

en

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

Yes

Acceptance Date

25/01/2021

External Author Affiliations

Federal University Rio Grande Do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil; Melbourne Institute of Technology

Author Research Institute

Centre for Intelligent Systems

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Sustainability

Article Number

1821