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A re-examination of the individual differences that explain occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses
journal contributionposted on 2019-11-26, 00:00 authored by B Heritage, CS Rees, R Osseiran-Moisson, D Chamberlain, L Cusack, J Anderson, A Fagence, K Sutton, J Brown, VR Terry
Aims: This study re‐examines the validity of a model of occupational resilience for use by nursing managers, which focused on an individual‐differences approach that explained buffering factors against negative outcomes such as burnout for nurses. Background: The International Collaboration of Workforce Resilience model (Rees et al., 2015) provided initial evidence of its value as a parsimonious model of resilience, and resilience antecedents and outcomes (e.g., burnout). Whether this model's adequacy was largely sample dependent, or a valid explanation of occupational resilience, has been subsequently un‐examined in the literature to date. To address this question, we re‐examined the model with a larger and an entirely new sample of student nurses. Methods: A sample of nursing students (n = 708, AgeM(SD) = 26.4 (7.7) years), with data examined via a rigorous latent factor structural equation model. Results: The model upheld many of its relationship predictions following further testing. Conclusions: The model was able to explain the individual differences, antecedents, and burnout‐related outcomes, of resilience within a nursing context. Implications for Nursing Management: The results highlight the importance of skills training to develop mindfulness and self‐efficacy among nurses as a means of fostering resilience and positive psychological adjustment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Number of Pages9
External Author AffiliationsNipissing University, Canada; University of Southern Queensland; Curtin University; Flinders University; The University of Adelaide; Charles Sturt University