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A randomised controlled trial of the Adult Resilience Program: A universal prevention program

journal contribution
posted on 14.06.2021, 04:31 by Natalie Games, Claire ThompsonClaire Thompson, Paula Barrett
A randomised, waitlist controlled, trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of the Adult Resilience Program (ARP), a universal prevention social–emotional programme for adolescents and adults, on self-reported depression, anxiety, stress, resilience, and self-esteem. Seventy-six students from a private university in Singapore were randomised to the ARP group or wait-list control (WLC) group and assessments were conducted at pre-intervention (T1), post-intervention (T2), and 6-month follow-up (T3). A 2 × 3 mixed between-within groups multivariate analysis of variance with the between-group factor of Group (ARP, WLC) and the within-group factor of time (T1, T2, and T3) and the dependent variables of depression, anxiety, stress, resilience and self-esteem, with age and stage of degree as covariates showed a significant decrease over time in depression (ηp  =.20), and anxiety (ηp  =.06). There was a significant decrease in stress for the ARP only from T1 to T2 (ηp  =.16). While there was a significant interaction of Time and Group for resilience (ηp  =.07), there was no significant change in resilience for the ARP group alone. The results provide preliminary support that the ARP can impart essential skills that can have a positive impact on mental health in university students. 2 2 2 2

History

Volume

55

Issue

S1

Start Page

78

End Page

87

Number of Pages

10

eISSN

1464-066X

ISSN

0020-7594

Location

England

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

16/04/2019

External Author Affiliations

Australian National University; James Cook University

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

International Journal of Psychology