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A quantitative systematic review assessing the impact of burn injuries on body image

journal contribution
posted on 31.08.2021, 22:43 by Michelle L Cleary, Rachel Kornhaber, Deependra K Thapa, Sancia West, Denis Visentin
This study systematically reviewed the quantitative evidence for the impact of burn injuries on body image. Primary research assessing body image using standardized scales published in peer-reviewed journals were systematically searched using the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, CINHAL, and PsycINFO in January 2020. Studies reporting relationships between characteristics related to burn injury and body image outcomes were included. Quality was assessed using the JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross-Sectional Studies. Included studies varied in comparison methods and body image measures, with most reporting cross-sectional relationships. Among the 33 included studies, 12 reported a negative association between burn severity and body image, 14 reported no significant association, six showed mixed (negative and null) results across the burn injury measures, and one reported more positive body image among burn survivors compared to those without burns. This review identified evidence supporting the association between burn severity and lower satisfaction with body image. Individuals with body image concerns, particularly those with higher burn severity and women, may benefit most from interventions that address self-acceptance and coping mechanisms. Further cross-sectional studies with representative control groups and longitudinal studies with longer follow-up periods are required.

Funding

Category 3 - Industry and Other Research Income

History

Volume

33

Start Page

47

End Page

65

Number of Pages

19

eISSN

1873-6807

ISSN

1740-1445

Location

Netherlands

Publisher

Elsevier

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

17/02/2020

External Author Affiliations

University of Tasmania

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Body Image