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A novel islanding fault detection for distributed generation systems

journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by Z Wu, Fuwen Yang, Qing-Long Han
This paper proposes a novel islanding fault detection method for distributed generation systems. Islanding fault detection of distributed generation systems in microgrids and smart grids is an essential security technology.The existing methods for islanding fault detection can be classified as passive methods (such as under/over voltage detection, under/over frequency detection, and voltage phase jump detection, based on natural effects of islanding) and active methods (impedance measurement, slip mode frequency shift, Sandia frequency shift and so on). Once the power consumed by a local load matches the power generated by a local inverter, the islanding phenomenon will be not obvious, and traditional passive methods may fail. In contrast,the active methods can overcome this disadvantage. However, active methods create extra disturbances that may degrade the quality of power generated by the inverter. By reducing the harmonics of the inverter output, coupled with the use of a novel filtering method, the proposed approach can be achieved without additional disturbance and does no nondetection zone islanding detection. In this paper, current harmonic compensationis applied to inverter control to minimize the inverter output harmonics, highlighting on the grid harmonics. Set-membership filter is developed to estimate the voltage harmonics. Islanding condition is detected bythe changes of the specific order harmonics. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated bysimulations. A Kalman filter contrast experiment is presented to confirm that the set-membership filter can more effectively detect islanding.

Funding

Category 2 - Other Public Sector Grants Category

History

Volume

24

Issue

8-9

Start Page

1431

End Page

1445

Number of Pages

15

eISSN

1099-1239

ISSN

1049-8923

Location

UK

Publisher

John Wiley & Sons

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

International journal of robust and nonlinear control.