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A functional observer based dynamic state estimation technique for grid connected solid oxide fuel cells
journal contributionposted on 2018-03-14, 00:00 authored by Kianoush EmamiKianoush Emami, H Ariakia, T Fernando
IEEE This paper presents a functional observer based technique for estimating gaseous partial pressures in Triple Phase Boundary of a high-order Solid Oxide Fuel Cell. Triple Phase Boundary is a nano-scale region in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells where direct measurement of partial pressure of individual gases is not possible. For a reliable and a safe operation those quantities must be monitored. This paper reports a novel functional observer based dynamic state estimation approach that utilizes a system decomposition algorithm to provide a functional observer with minimum order. Therefore, the proposed technique has a simpler structure than conventional state observer based schemes. Case studies of the proposed technique, implemented on a complex nonlinear power system, show accurate and smooth estimations in comparison to full-order state observer based techniques in terms of tracking of nonlinear partial pressures.