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A comparison of fine wire insertion techniques for deep finger flexor muscle electromyography

journal contribution
posted on 21.02.2019, 00:00 by Luke HealesLuke Heales, K Tucker, B Vicenzino, PW Hodges, DA MacDonald
Introduction: Intramuscular electromyography electrodes targeting flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) are inserted via the anterior or medial aspect of the forearm. These two methods pose different risks to neurovascular structures which overly FDP. This study aimed to compare the insertion depth and consider advantages and limitations of two different techniques to insert intramuscular electrodes into FDP. Methods: Using ultrasound imaging, neurovascular structures were identified along the path of FDP electrode insertion at the junction of the proximal and middle third of the ulna, bilaterally, in ten healthy individuals. Insertion depth was compared between the anterior and medial approaches for the mid muscle belly and targeted insertion to the index finger fascicle of FDP. Results: In our sample the ulnar artery was superficial to the FDP muscle when viewed anteriorly and was beyond the furthest border of FDP when viewed medially. Compared to the anterior approach, the medial insertion depth was 1.5 cm (95%CI 1.4–1.7, p < 0.001) less to the mid-belly of FDP and 0.6 cm (95%CI 0.4–0.7, p < 0.001) less to the index finger fascicle of FDP. Discussion: The medial approach involves less depth and lower risk for perforation of neurovascular structures when inserting intramuscular electrodes into the FDP muscle. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

History

Volume

41

Start Page

77

End Page

81

Number of Pages

5

eISSN

1873-5711

ISSN

1050-6411

Publisher

Elsevier, UK

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

21/05/2018

External Author Affiliations

University of Queensland; Griffith University

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology