CQUniversity
Browse
18-item version of the short gambling harm screen (Sghs-18)_Validation of screen for assessing gambling-related harm among Finnish population.pdf (373.95 kB)

18-item version of the short gambling harm screen (Sghs-18): Validation of screen for assessing gambling-related harm among Finnish population

Download (373.95 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-03-07, 04:28 authored by Tiina Latvala, Matthew BrowneMatthew Browne, Matthew RockloffMatthew Rockloff, Anne H Salonen
Background and aims: It is common for gambling research to focus on problem and disordered gambling. Less is known about the prevalence of gambling-related harms among people in the general population. This study aimed to develop and validate the 18-item version of the Short Gambling Harms Screen (SGHS-18). Methods: Population-representative web-based and postal surveys were conducted in the three geographical areas of Finland (n = 7186, aged 18 or older). Reliability and internal structure of SGHS-18 was assessed using coefficient omega and via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Four measurement models of SGHS-18 were compared: one-factor, six-factor, a second-ordered factor model and a bifactor model (M4). Results: The analysis revealed that only the bifactor model had adequate fit for SGHS-18 (CFI = 0.953, TLI = 0.930, GFI = 0.974, RMSEA = 0.047, SRMR = 0.027). The general factor explained most of the common variance compared to specific factors. Coefficient omega hierarchical value for global gambling harm factor (0.80) was high, which suggested that SGHS-18 assessed the combination of general harm constructs sufficiently. The correlation with the Problem and Pathological Gambling Measures (PPGM) was 0.44, potentially reflecting that gambling harms are closely—although not perfectly—aligned with the mental health issue of problem gambling. SGHS-18 scores were substantially higher for participants who gambled more often, who spent more money or who had gambling problems, demonstrating convergent validity for the screen. Discussion: The SGHS-18 comprehensively measures the domains of gambling harm, while demonstrating desirable properties of internal consistency, and criterion and convergent validity.

Funding

Category 2 - Other Public Sector Grants Category

History

Volume

18

Issue

21

Start Page

1

End Page

13

Number of Pages

13

eISSN

1660-4601

ISSN

1661-7827

Publisher

MDPI

Publisher License

CC BY

Additional Rights

CC BY 4.0

Language

en

Peer Reviewed

  • Yes

Open Access

  • Yes

Acceptance Date

2021-10-31

External Author Affiliations

University of Eastern Finland; Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare

Era Eligible

  • Yes

Medium

Electronic

Journal

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Article Number

11552