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Recent developments in biomass pyrolysis for bio-fuel production : its potential for commercial applications

conference contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by Mohammad RasulMohammad Rasul, M Jahirul
There has been an enormous amount of research, in recent years, in the area of thermo-chemical conversion of biomass into bio-fuel (bio-oil, bio-char and bio-gas) through pyrolysis technology due to its several socio-economical advantages as well as an efficient method of conversion compared to other thermo-chemical conversion technologies. However, this technology is still not fully developed with respect to its commercial applications. This presentation is focused on the current status of pyrolysis technology and its potential for commercial applications for bio-fuel production. Aspects of pyrolysis technology which includes pyrolysis principles, types, reactor design, products and their characteristics, economics of bio-fuel production, etc are presented. Advantages and disadvantages of different types of reactors for bio-oil production and their yields, and operating modes of achieving desired products (bio-oil or bio-char or bio-gas) are also discussed and compared. It is found from the literatures that conversion of biomass to bio-fuel has still to overcome a lot of challenges such as understanding of the trade-off between the size of the pyrolysis plant and feedstock, improvement of the reliability of pyrolysis reactors and processes, etc to recommend for commercial applications. A very limited investigation has been done on economical feasibility study of pyrolysis technology. Further study is required for better understanding of the economics, as well as technology, of biomass pyrolysis for bio-fuel production

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Start Page

256

End Page

265

Number of Pages

10

Start Date

01/01/2012

Finish Date

01/01/2012

ISSN

2227-4359

ISBN-13

9781618041104

Location

Kos Island, Greece

Publisher

WSEAS Press

Place of Publication

Kos Island

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Era Eligible

Yes

Name of Conference

International Conference on Continuum Mechanics

Parent Title

Recent researches in environmental and geological sciences : Proceedings of the 7th WSEAS International Conference on Energy & Environment (EE '12) ; Proceedings of the 7th WSEAS International Conference on Continuum Mechanics (CM '12) ; Proceedings of the 6th WSEAS International Conference on Geology and Seismology (GES '12) [and] Proceedings of the 7th WSEAS International Conference on Water Resources, Hydraulics & Hydrology (WHH '12)