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Monitoring and assessing behavioural risk at outdoor music festivals

conference contribution
posted on 2017-12-06, 00:00 authored by Aldo RaineriAldo Raineri
Outdoor music festivals are increasingly common events on the summer entertainment landscape for youth in many countries around the world. Evidence indicates that attendance is associated with risk of injury and death. A considerable proportion of crowd-related risks are attributed to irrational and high-risk behaviour by patrons in the general admission, or standing room only, areas in front of stages, or ‘mosh pits’. While there is endorsement in the literature for a risk management approach, risk assessments for music festivals and mass gatherings generally tend to deal with the traditional hazards and risks, without taking into account the dynamics of the crowd or those factors that influence its behaviour. Influences on crowd behaviour are little understood and generally ignored, leaving a significant source of risk at this type of event unaccounted for. A number of commentators recommend that a comprehensive approach to crowd safety assessment, design and management needs to integrate both psychological and engineering frames of reference. This paper outlines how a general risk management methodology can be contextualised to include behavioural factors in order to comprehensively assess crowd safety risks at outdoor music festivals.


Parent Title

Proceedings of the 1st Annual Transport and Safety Sciences Conference, 29 September-1October, 2014, Rockhampton, Australia.

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Rockhampton, Queensland


CQU Transport and safety Sciences Program Group

Place of Publication

Rockhampton, Queensland

Peer Reviewed

  • No

Open Access

  • No

External Author Affiliations

School of Human, Health and Social Sciences (2013- ); TBA Research Institute;

Era Eligible

  • No

Name of Conference

CQU Transport and Safety Sciences. Annual Conference