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Gasification of coffee bean husks : analysis and model development for energy generation using ASPEN Plus simulation software

conference contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by T Leyden, Mohammad Rasul, Mohammed Kabir
This paper develops a model and evaluates the viability of producing a gaseous fuel (syngas) from the coffee bean husks using ASPEN Plus simulation software. The paper examined the formation of syngas from agricultural waste, to make it less vague and to give it a consistent focus, the study was carried out in the context that the syngas is to be utilised to power an Internal Combustion (IC) engine that is being utilised to drive a generator to produce electricity in a remote village in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Despite the preciseness of the setting and scenario, it has only been utilised where direction was required, and it is purely the formation of the syngas that has been considered in depth. This study found that the air/fuel (A/F) ratio and moisture contents are inversely proportional to potential enthalpy of combustion (PEC) of syngas produced, and reduction zone temperature is proportional to PEC asymptotic to a maximum value based on A/F ratio and moisture content of feedstock. Based on these findings it can be clearly seen that the air feed into the gasifier needs to be controlled by the temperature of the syngas as it is being produced. The other key finding is that 171 tonnes of coffee bean need to be produced to generate 5 kW continuously for a year. It seems unlike that a village would produce such a quantity; however a centralised processing plant may be able to work with the community to supply electricity for a common need, such as electricity for a school or health post. This technology was investigated due to its simplicity lending itself to being suitable for a developing country. Any proposed improvements need to also be examined in this same context if they are to be widely embraced.

History

Start Page

1919

End Page

1930

Number of Pages

12

Start Date

01/01/2013

Finish Date

01/01/2013

ISBN-13

9789881543950

Location

Hong Kong

Publisher

Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Place of Publication

Hong Kong, China

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Institute for Resource Industries and Sustainability (IRIS); School of Engineering and Technology (2013- );

Era Eligible

Yes

Name of Conference

International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies