Bio-Utopia: The way forward?
chapterposted on 2017-12-06, 00:00 authored by R Hindmarsh, Geoffrey LawrenceGeoffrey Lawrence, Janet GriceJanet Grice
Genetic engineering is changing the world. Emerging in the early l970s after a gestation period of forty years it is the most powerful tool yet developed for the manipulation of Nature. Also known as recombinant-DNA (r-DNA) technology; genetic engineering alters radically an age-old technology known as 'biotechnology'. 'Bio' is derived from the Greek bios-meaning 'life' and people have for many thousands of years used varying technologies to modify, for human advantage, life forms and processes. Fermentation of beers and wines are but two obvious examples. Over time, new techniques for manipulating life have been added via industrial microbiology; biochemistry; chemical engineering and tissue culture.